An animation, in Doodle, in a sequence of Pictures produced over time. Concretely, it is a fs2.Stream[IO, Picture[Alg, A]]. You can create such a Stream yourself, but Doodle provides tools that may be easier to work with:

  1. Interpolation, which can be used when an animation depends on a range of values between some starting and ending point. For example, an animation of a moving ball can be created from an Interpolation between the minimum and maximum position of the ball.

  2. Transducer, which represents an animation in terms of some internal state, a function to convert that internal state into a Picture, and a function to update that internal state into a new state. This can be used for more complex animations that cannot be represented by an Interpolation.

Using Animations

To use animations we'll need the following imports:

// The standard Doodle imports
import doodle.core.*
import doodle.syntax.all.*
// Animation specific imports
import doodle.interact.*
import doodle.interact.syntax.all.*

To do anything useful we'll also need a backend. Here are the imports for the Java2D backend:

import doodle.java2d.*


Here's an example animating a ball moving across the screen. This uses an Interpolation, via the upTo method, because the position of the ball is a simple function of a value in the range -100.0 to 100.0.

val ball =
    .map(x =>
        .at(x, 0.0)

This produces the animation below.